Scientific method is a set of procedure that scientists follow in order to gain knowledge about the world. In other words, it’s a structured technique used to test ideas and potential answers to scientific questions.
However, the steps involved in scientific methods are very widely among different disciplines. For example, chemists follow a certain method different from psychologists and geologists follow another method which is different from physicists and so on.
There are 6 steps in scientific method:-
1- Question: this is a step where a scientist proposes the problem that he wants to solve.
2- This question usually leads to hypothesis, which is a potential answer to the question at hand. Sometimes, hypothesis looks more prediction; the scientist predicts what the outcome will be when he tests his hypothesis.
3- The scientific test is also called experiment which is ordered investigations that are intended to prove or disprove the hypothesis.
4- Observation is a statement of knowledge gained through the senses or through the use of scientific equipment. It’s a crucial for collecting data; once the results are in, the scientist begins his analysis.
5- Analysis is a comparing for the result of the experiment to the prediction posed by the hypothesis. Based in the made observation, the scientist has to determine whether his hypothesis was/wasn’t correct. The he sum his finding with conclusion.
6- Conclusion is a statement of whether the original hypothesis was supported or refused by observations gathered.
Scientific method usually employs 6 steps but these steps are not usually occurred in the same order. Therefore, it’s better to call them elements rather than steps.